Despite Lake Manyara National Park being one of the small game parks in Tanzania, the park prides in a great diversity of landscapes, plant as well as animal species. The park is sheltered by the Great Rift Valley escarpment and covers an expanse of 325 square kilometers; this park is covered with green plant vegetation. Lake Manyara was primarily established to safeguard the elephant populations which have actually made this park internationally famous. The park offer an exceptional and diverse wildlife experience worth enjoying. A diverse range of habitats, and a rich biodiversity, are all crowded into a somewhat small expanse within this National Park.
Other than the numerous elephants living in this park, Lake Manyara is famed for its resident tree climbing lions, plus thousands of beautiful flamingos that stay on the lake shore. Big buffalo herds, impalas, cheetahs, hippos as well as Maasai giraffes can also be seen in the park. Lake Manyara is credited for the survival of various bird species, mostly the water fowl and migrant species.
Lake Manyara National Park is in general warm or hot all year round, and experiences temperatures of over 35°C or 95°F in the hottest months of January, September and October. The park receives seasonal rainfall, with 2 major dry periods plus 2 rainy periods every year. Short rains in the late afternoons or the evening thunderstorms normally begin in November to the end of December, and also in March all through to May. The dry season starts in June to the month of October, and also from January to February.
The most impressive feature in Lake Manyara National Park is the great Rift Valley escarpment dramatically drops to 500 meters or 1 640 feet below to the shores of lake Manyara. Because the waters of Lake Manyara are subjected to severe evaporation, this has resulted to salt accumulation plus considerable salt deposits on the edge of the water. Despite the salinity of the lakes water, the lake has vast numbers of hippos as well as high algae concentrations that attracts an overwhelming diversity and number of birds. Orchards of high, eerie fever trees normally grow on the lake shores particularly in the dry season.
On the boarder of the marshes are Permanent water pools which are an appealing wallowing place for not only warthogs but elephants and buffaloes as well. This waterlogged territory is also habitat to the reedbucks as well as waterbucks, and a number of uncommonly seen species, like the serval as well as the marsh mongoose. A profusion of frogs breed in these marshes and as a result draw a various snakes, among which is the African-rock python. Through the dry months, the water levels of Lake Manyara draw back leaving expanses of exposed land covered with little grasses that draw several herbivores to graze like warthogs, zebras, buffaloes and wildebeests.
On the other hand most large animals are commonly seen in woodlands and the broad shrubby areas which offer shelter to Kirk’s dik-dik. The towering termite mounds are commonly occupied by short and stripy mongoose, plus monitor lizards. Birds are numerous, because of the abundance of various insect species, nectar as well as seedpods. Fostered by a enduring supply of water from the ground, there is a high ever-green forest flourishing within the northern part of the park. Majority of the large mammals keep away from the muddy areas of the forest, although elephants plus buffaloes once in a while feed there. In the forest you will commonly see bushbucks! Numerous blue monkeys as well as olive baboon are seen jumping from one tree branch to another within the forest.