Serengeti National Park is the oldest park in Tanzania and Covers an expanse of 14,763 sq km, equivalent to the size of Northern Ireland. It is the most renowned national park in Tanzania and host some of the world’s remaining endangered wildlife species. The Serengeti is adjacent to the Masai Mara Game Reserve found in Kenya and extends to the far west reaching Lake Victoria. The name ‘Serengeti’ came from a local Maasai word ‘Siringet’, for “endless plain”.
The vast Serengeti’s vegetation comprises of the short plus long grass-plains in the southern part, the acacia – savannah found in the central area as well as the wooded grasslands majorly around River Grumenti’s and River Mara’s attributes within the park. The Serengeti western corridor is an area comprised of wooded highland as well as widespread plains reaching the rim of the stunning Lake Victoria. Early In the morning as well as in the evening, the terrain of the Serengeti is very beautiful and swarming with game.
The park’s ecosystem supports the large population of Africa’s plains game, with over 3 million large wild mammals. The park is supposed to be a home of about 4 million various animals in addition to a profusion of birds. The various animals are seen roaming the park freely and special about this park is that it host spectacular annual migration comprised of large herds of animals traversing the park as they look for fresh pastures and water; the great herd requires more than 4,000 tons of pasture each day. This annual migration comprises of a great herd matching among which are over 1.5 million wildebeests plus hundreds – of – thousands of gazelles plus zebras and is basically prompted by the start of the rains in May.
This natural spectacular match well known as the Great Annual Wildebeest Migration is the most magnificent event ever witnessed in the entire animal kingdom. As the dry spell exaggerates, the big herd heads towards the western direction, to the enduring waters of river Mara. The natural immigration feeling is very strong such that although a number of animals drown as they try to cross the river, the herd moves on. Along the river banks are large crocodiles that also eagerly wait to prey on these animals. The great herd is followed by various predators among which are lions, cheetahs, hyenas and wild dogs.
The Serengeti experiences very pleasant Temperatures, and the months of September, January as well as October are the warmest, whereas July is normally the coolest. The area receives seasonal Rains, with short spring rains beginning in November to the finish of December, while the longer rains start in March all through to May. The well known annual wildebeest migration is basically depends on these rains, and for that reason the timing of the movement of the great herd starts varies basing on the rain season. Several tour companies offer semi permanent Canvas camps that are moved around trailing the great herd, so this offers guests a closer encounter and betters views of this natural wonders as millions of wild animals participate in this yearly match.
Through the wet season, River Grumeti is in most cases floods its river-banks in the western-corridor. As a result, several oxbow lakes are created and these turn into seasonal swamps when the flooded waters draw back. This area is most occupied by elephants, buffaloes as well as reedbucks. Despite the fact that the large grassy plains have become prevalently tantamount with the Serengeti, they merely form approximately a quarter of the entire Serengeti area. Through the rainy months,, wildebeests, gazelles as well as zebras congregate in the very prolific open grasslands within the southeastern part of the park. These long grass-plains actually extend to the western part of the Serengeti and offer silage to the large number of herbivores that take part in the annuals migration.